Psychiatrist/MD: A psychiatrist attends four years of medical school
and receives an MD degree. He/she
then goes on for four additional years of training in a residency program to become a psychiatrist. After a psychiatrist graduates from their residency program they will often take a series of examinations
to become board certified. A board certification means that these doctors have
passed rigorous examinations which cover all areas of psychiatry. A psychiatrist can
take additional special training in a particular area. Examples of this
include child psychiatry and addiction psychiatry. It is also possible to become
board certified in a sub-specialty area. To do this a doctor must first have a general board certification. Psychiatrists are also trained to do psychotherapy and in addition, since they are physicians, they can
Clinical Psychologist/PhD/PsyD: A Clinical Psychologist has a Doctorate Degree. After their Doctorate Degree they are required to do a one year APA approved clinical
internship and take a rigorous exam before they can use the title Clinical Psychologist.
Clinical Psychologists are extensively trained in psychotherapy techniques. They
also have the ability to administer and interpret psychological testing.
Social Worker/MSW/LCSW/ACSW: Most Social Workers who do psychotherapy have a Master’s Degree in Social Work which is
designated as MSW. When a Social Worker is licensed to do psychotherapy they
will have the designation LCSW after their name. ACSW is another accreditation
signifying that they have been credentialed by the Academy of Clinical Social Workers.
Licensed Clinical Professional
Counselor/LCPC: These therapists
have a Master’s Degree in Psychology and have passed a licensing exam which allows them to use the initials LCPC after
CADC: These letters stand for Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor. A person with a CADC certification has a certificate stating that they have had required
training in drug and alcohol treatment. In addition an internship and licensing
examination are required. There are no special degree requirements. Clinicians with a LCSW or a LCPC license will sometimes also obtain a CADC certification
if they have a strong interest in treating clients with alcohol or drug problems. Psychiatrists
that are interested in obtaining special certification in drug or alcohol treatment do not get a CADC. Instead, they will become board certified in addiction psychiatry or get ASAM certification.
Dietician/RD/LD: A dietician is an individual who has a degree in nutrition.
In addition, dieticians who work in therapy settings have a Master’s Degree in that area. LD refers to a Licensed Dietician where RD refers to a Registered Dietician which signifies that the dietician
has passed a national examination. Highly trained dieticians are an integral
part of the treatment team when food or eating problems are an issue.